Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was an Indian politician and aerospace scientist who 4 August ^ Kalam, A.P.J. Abdul (1 October ). "IDG Session Address" (PDF). NUJS Law Review. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 March (1), This article narrates life and works of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, the eleventh President of India. Article (PDF Available) · October with , Reads. Cite this . SLV-3 was a historical achievement. for India. Rohini RS-1 satellite into Earth orbit in July Dr Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul SLV-3 was a historical achievement Kalam was born on 15 October in.
|Language:||English, Spanish, German|
|Genre:||Academic & Education|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Registration needed]|
In the 's Kalam joined the Vik. Kerala. He played a major role in th research in India, helping to develop vehicle. During , he served t rejoined. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was the visiting professor at the Indian Institute of Management, Indore; the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad; and the Indian. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was a prominent Indian scientist who served as the 11th President of India from to Renowned for his pivotal role.
Died on: July 27 , Shillong, Meghalaya, India. Abdul Kalam was a prominent Indian scientist who served as the 11th President of India from to He made significant contributions to India's Pokhran-II nuclear tests in which established him as a national hero. Immensely popular during his term, he earned the moniker of People's President.
Identify These Actors. Quick Facts. Jainulabudeen mother: Continue Reading Below.
Recommended For You. Ram Nath Kovind. Pranab Mukherjee. Pratibha Patil. Image Credit.
Recommended Lists: Indian Men. Libra Leaders. Abdul Kalam. His father Jainulabudeen was a boat owner while his mother Ashiamma was a housewife. Kalam had four elder siblings. Even though his ancestors had been wealthy traders, the family had lost most of its fortunes by the s and was poverty-stricken by the time Kalam was born.
Even though the family was not financially well-off, the children were raised in an atmosphere filled with love. In one of the books which Kalam wrote decades later, he fondly remembered how his mother would lovingly feed her own quota of food to the children and go hungry herself. He was a good student and always curious to learn more about how things happened.
When he was ten years old, one of his teachers, Siva Subramania Iyer, took the students to the seashore and asked them to observe the birds in flight. After completing his studies at Schwartz Higher Secondary School, he enrolled at Saint Joseph's College, Tiruchirappalli, graduating in science in Pursuing his childhood dream, he travelled to Madras to study aerospace engineering in Madras Institute of Technology.
During his third year, he was assigned a project to design a low-level attack aircraft together with a few other students. The project was a difficult one and on top of it, their guide gave them a very tight deadline. The young men toiled together, working under immense pressure, and finally managed to achieve the target within the stipulated deadline. At this juncture, Kalam aspired to become a fighter pilot. However he could not realize this dream.
Male Leaders. Indian Leaders. Male Scientists. Libra Scientists. He also designed a small hovercraft at DRDO. Inspired by this visit, he began working on an expandable rocket project independently at DRDO in Kalam also directed several other projects, including Project Devil, in the s. Project Devil was an early liquid-fueled missile project aimed at producing a short-range surface-to-air missile.
The project was not a success in the long-term and was discontinued in the s. However it led to the later development of the Prithvi missile in the s. He was also involved with the Project Valiant which aimed at the development of intercontinental ballistic missile. Similar to Project Devil, this project too was not a success in itself but played a role in the development of the Prithvi missile later on. The programme, which received tremendous political support, aimed at the concurrent development of four projects: Short range surface-to-surface missile code-named Prithvi , Short range low-level surface-to-air missile code-named Trishul , Medium range surface-to-air missile code-named Akash and Third-generation anti-tank missile code-named Nag.
The IGMDP, under the able leadership of Kalam proved to be a resounding success and produced a number of successful missiles including the first Prithvi missile in , and the Agni missile in In , he was appointed as the Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India with the rank of cabinet minister.
In the late s, he played a major role in conducting the Pokhran-II, a series of five nuclear bomb test explosions at the Indian Army's Pokhran Test Range in May Following the success of these tests which elevated Kalam to the status of a national hero, the then-Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee declared India a full-fledged nuclear state.
In addition to being a brilliant scientist, A. Abdul Kalam was also a visionary. In , he proposed a countrywide plan called Technology Vision to serve as an action plan to make India a developed nation by the year He put forward several suggestions, including nuclear empowerment, technological innovations, and improved agricultural productivity to achieve the same.
Kalam, being a popular national figure, easily won the presidential election. Indian Presidents.
Indian Scientists. Libra Men. Tenure As President of India. Abdul Kalam assumed office as the 11th President of India on 25 July , becoming the first scientist and the first bachelor to occupy Rashtrapati Bhawan. Over the course of his five-year term, he remained committed to his vision of transforming India into a developed nation and thus spent a lot of time conducting one-on-one meetings with young people to inspire them to achieve their best.
Out of the 21 mercy petitions submitted to him, he acted on only one plea in his five-year tenure. In , he decided not to contest the Presidential election again and stepped down as the President on 25 July J Abdul Kalam ventured into the academic field after leaving office. Known as the People's President, Kalam set a goal of conducting , one-on-one meetings with young people over the course of his five-year term. After leaving office in , Kalam became a visiting professor at several universities.
He formed the "What Can I Give Movement" in with the goal of creating a compassionate society, and in , his efforts to improve healthcare led to the release of a tablet for medical personnel to use in remote areas. On July 27, , Kalam suffered a massive heart attack while lecturing at the Indian Institute of Management and subsequently died at the age of Kalam was laid to rest on July 30 with full state honors in his native Tamil Nadu.
Abdul Kalam Award," which recognizes exceptional individuals who promote the sciences, students and humanities. We strive for accuracy and fairness. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Sign up for the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives.
As a mission specialist aboard the space shuttle 'Challenger' in , Guion S.
Bluford became the first African American to travel into space. Holmes was the alias of one of America's first serial killers. During the Columbian Exposition, he lured victims into his elaborate "murder castle.
A pioneer in early hormonal and reproductive research, Gregory Pincus and his team of scientists are credited with formulating the first oral contraceptive for birth control. Phil McGraw staff members enabled their substance addictions to boost ratings. John Bodkin Adams is best known for standing trial in the suspicious deaths of former patients in England.