SP Guideline on Author(s). John Wack (NIST), Miles Tracy (Federal Reserve Information Technology), Murugiah Souppaya (NIST) Local Download . SP GUIDELINE ON NETWORK SECURITY TESTING See http://www. mitliotrachighgold.gq for more information and free download. 9. National Institute of Standards and Technology Special Publication Natl. See mitliotrachighgold.gq for more information and free download. 9.
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Full Text: PDF Downloads (cumulative): . John Wack et al., NIST Special Publication , Guideline on Network Security Testing, February Download Citation on ResearchGate | NIST Special Publication | this document in order to describe an experimental procedure or concept adequately. National Institute of Standards and Technology Special Publication (Draft ). Natl. 3/4/ AM,Definition File Download,KENT,userk,Definition downloader .. mitliotrachighgold.gq, as well as.
A: Functional test B: Reliability test C: Regression test D: Performance test Answer: A Explanation: The various types of internal tests performed on builds are as follows: Regression tests: It is also known as the verification testing.
These tests are developed to confirm that capabilities in earlier builds continue to work correctly in the subsequent builds. Functional test: These tests emphasizes on verifying that the build meets its functional and data requirements and correctly generates each expected display and report. Performance tests: These tests are used to identify the performance thresholds of each build.
Reliability tests: These tests are used to identify the reliability thresholds of each build. Question: 6 Which of the following security controls will you use for the deployment phase of the SDLC to build secure software? Each correct answer represents a complete solution. Choose all that apply. If it is reduced then security issues and overall risks can affect the environment. Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing: Vulnerability assessments VA and penetration testing PT is used to determine the risk and attest to the strength of the software after it has been deployed.
Risk Adjustments: Contingency plans and exceptions should be generated so that the residual risk be above the acceptable threshold. Question: 7 Which of the following CNSS policies describes the national policy on use of cryptomaterial by activities operating in high risk environments? NCSC No.
Question: 8 DoD Which of the following MAC levels requires high integrity and medium availability? Question: 9 Which of the following acts promote a risk-based policy for cost effective security? Each correct answer represents a part of the solution. Answer option B is incorrect. The Lanham Act is a piece of legislation that contains the federal statutes of trademark law in the United States. The Act prohibits a number of activities, including trademark infringement, trademark dilution, and false advertising.
Step 3. Ciood Security Practice Keys for Success 5.
The principal goal of an organization's risk management process should be to protect and perform their mission, not just its IT assets. Therefore, the risk management process should not be treated primarily as a technical function carried out by the IT experts who operate and manage the IT system, but as an essential management function of the the organization its ability to organization.
This is not a guideline within the meaning of 15 U. This document may be used by non-governmental organizations on a voluntary basis.
It is not subject to copyright. The guidelines herein are not Nothing in this document should be taken to contradict standards and guidelines made mandatory and binding upon Federal agencies by the Secretary of Commerce under his statutory authority. Nor should these guidelines be interpreted as altering or superseding the existing authorities of the Secretary of Commerce, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, or any other Federal official.
Risk management is the process of identifying risk, assessing risk, and taking steps to reduce risk to an acceptable level. This guide provides a foundation for the development of an effective risk management program, containing both the definitions and the practical guidance necessary for assessing and mitigating risks identified within IT systems.
The ultimate goal 1 is to help organizations to better The term "IT system" refers to a general support manage system e. SP Page 1 — In addition, this guide provides information on the selection of cost-effective security controls. Organizations may choose expand or abbreviate the comprehensive processes and steps guide and tailor them to their environment in managing IT-related mission suggested in this to risks.
Section 5 discusses the good practice and need for an ongoing risk evaluation and assessment and the factors that will lead to a successful risk management program. This guide also contains six appendixes. Appendix a sample table for the safeguard implementation plan.
Appendix this guide. Appendix F lists references. Section 3 of this guide describes the risk assessment process, which includes and evaluation of risks and risk impacts, and recommendation of risk-reducing measures. Section 4 describes risk mitigation, which refers to prioritizing, implementing, and maintaining the appropriate risk-reducing measures recommended from the risk assessment identification process.
Section 5 discusses the continual evaluation process and keys for implementing a successful risk management program. The determining whether the remaining risk DAA or system authorizing official is responsible for is at an acceptable level or whether additional security implemented to further reduce or eliminate the residual accrediting the IT system for operation.
This process is not unique to the IT environment; indeed it pervades decision-making in all areas of our daily lives. Take the case of home security, for example. Many people decide to have home security systems installed and pay a monthly fee to a service provider to have these systems monitored for the better protection of their property.
Presumably, the homeowners have weighed the cost of system installation and monitoring against the value of their household goods and their family's safety, a fundamental "mission" need. The head of an to accomplish their organizational unit must ensure that the organization has the capabilities needed its mission.
These mission owners must determine the security capabilities that IT systems must have to provide the desired level of mission support in the face of real- world threats. Most organizations have tight budgets for IT security; therefore, IT security spending must be reviewed as thoroughly as other management decisions. Effective risk management must be totally integrated into the SDLC. An IT system's SDLC has five phases: initiation, development or acquisition, implementation, operation or maintenance, and disposal.
In some cases, an IT system may occupy several of these phases at the same time. However, the risk management methodology is the same regardless of the SDLC phase for which the assessment is being conducted. Risk management is an iterative process that can be performed during each major phase of the SDLC. Table describes the characteristics SP Page 4 SDLC phase and indicates how risk management can be performed in of each support of each phase.
Typically the is may involve the disposition of information, hardware, and software. Activities may include moving, archiving, discarding, or destroying information and sanitizing the software hardware and are system whenever major changes are made to an IT system in its operational, production environment e.
This section describes the key roles of the should support and participate in the risk management process. Senior Management. Senior management, under the standard of due care and ultimate responsibility for mission accomplishment, must ensure that the necessary resources are effectively applied to develop the capabilities needed to accomplish the mission.
They must also assess and incorporate results of the risk assessment activity into the decision making process. An effective risk management program that assesses and mitigates IT-related mission risks requires the support and involvement of senior management.
The CIO is responsible for the agency's IT planning, budgeting, and performance including its information security components. Decisions made in these areas should be based on an effective risk management program. The system and information owners are responsible for ensuring that proper controls are in place to address integrity, confidentiality, and availability of the IT systems and data they own.
Typically the system and information owners are responsible for changes to their IT systems. Thus, they usually have to approve and sign off on changes to their IT systems enhancement, major changes to the software e. The system and information owners must therefore understand their role in the risk management process and fully support this process. The managers responsible for business operations and IT procurement process must take an active role in the risk management process.
These managers are the individuals with the authority and responsibility for making the trade-off decisions essential to mission accomplishment. Their involvement in the risk management process enables the achievement of proper security for the IT systems, which, if managed properly, will provide mission effectiveness with a minimal expenditure of resources.
IT program managers and computer security officers are responsible for their organizations' security programs, including risk management. Therefore, they play a leading role in introducing an appropriate, structured methodology to help identify, evaluate, and minimize risks to the IT systems that support their organizations' missions.
ISSOs also act as major consultants in support of senior management to ensure that this activity takes place on an ongoing basis. As changes occur in the existing IT system environment e. The organization's personnel are the users of the IT systems. Use of the IT systems and data according to an organization's policies, guidelines, and rules of behavior critical to risk to the mitigating risk and protecting the organization's IT resources.
IT systems, it is essential that is To minimize system and application users be provided with security awareness training. Therefore, the IT security trainers or must understand the risk management process so they can develop appropriate training materials and incorporate risk assessment training programs to educate the end users.
Organizations use assessment to determine the extent of the potential threat and the risk associated with an IT system throughout its SDLC. The output of this process helps to identify appropriate controls for reducing or eliminating risk during the risk mitigation process, as discussed in Section Risk is risk 4. Impact refers to the magnitude of harm that could be caused by a threat's exercise of a vulnerability.
The level of impact is governed by the potential mission impacts and in turn produces a relative value for the IT assets and resources affected e. The which are described risk assessment in Sections 3.
Figure depicts these steps and the inputs to and outputs from each step. FedCIRC, mass media. Control Recommendations Step 9. In this step, the boundaries of the IT system are identified, along with the resources and the information that constitute the system. Characterizing an IT system establishes the scope of the risk assessment effort, delineates the operational authorization or accreditation information e.
Section 3. The methodology described in this document can be applied interrelated systems. In the latter case, it is and dependencies be well defined prior 3. System-Related Information Identifying risk for an IT system requires a keen understanding of the system's processing environment. For an IT system under development, it is necessary to define For a system that is in the initiation or design phase, key security rules and attributes planned for the future IT system. System design documents and the system security plan can provide useful information about the security of an IT system that is in development.
For an operational IT system, data is collected about the IT system in its production environment, including data on system configuration, connectivity, and documented and undocumented procedures and practices.
Therefore, the system description can be based on the security provided by the underlying infrastructure or on future security plans for the IT system. To in gathering information relevant collect relevant information, risk assessment personnel can develop a questionnaire concerning the management and operational controls planned or used for the IT system.
This questionnaire should be distributed to the applicable technical and nontechnical the IT system. Interviews with IT system support and management personnel can enable risk assessment personnel to collect useful information about the IT system SP e.
On-site visits also allow risk Page 1 assessment personnel to observe and gather information about the physical, environmental, and operational security of the IT system. Appendix sample interview questions asked during interviews with site A contains personnel to achieve a better understanding of the operational characteristics of an organization.
Document Review. Policy documents e. An organization's mission assessment provides information regarding system sensitivity. Use of Automated Scanning Tool. Proactive methods can be used to collect system information efficiently. Information gathering can be conducted throughout the risk assessment process, from Step 1 System Characterization through Step 9 Results Documentation.
Output from Step 1 —Characterization of the IT system assessed, a good picture of the IT system environment, and delineation of system boundary 3.
A vulnerability is a weakness that can be accidentally triggered or intentionally exploited. A threat-source does not present a risk when there is Threat: The potential for a threat- no vulnerability that can be exercised. In determining the source to exercise accidentally trigger likelihood of a threat Section 3.
Threat-Source Identification The goal of this step is to identify the potential threat-sources and compile a threat statement listing potential threat-sources that are applicable to the IT system being evaluated. Page 12 A threat-source is defined as any circumstance or event with the harm potential to cause The common system.
In assessing threat-sources, — based attacks, malicious software upload, unauthorized its access to confidential information , processing environment.